Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that affects the optic nerve in the back of the eye. It causes gradual and irreversible loss of peripheral vision. Unfortunately the progression is so slow that it is impossible to know if you have it. There is no cure but various treatment options are available, which are more effective when the disease is detected early.
50% of people with glaucoma do not know they have it
Glaucoma can only be detected with a thorough eye examination. Although there is not one test that alone can diagnose glaucoma, routine tests including measuring eye pressure, assessment of the front of the eye and optic nerve (including photography) can indicate if you are at risk and require further testing. With access to the latest technology we can now detect glaucoma earlier than ever before.
10x more likely to develop glaucoma if a close relative has it
Whilst anyone can develop glaucoma, there are people who are more susceptible. Risk factors include having a family history of glaucoma, aged over 50 yrs, diabetic, suffer with migraines or have a history of extended steroid use.
The key to early intervention and preserving sight is regular eye examinations and following the advice of your Optometrist.